So here are the answers along with the questions. I hope that through this you have learned a few things you did not know before.
1. What is the difference between revelation, inspiration, and illumination? What continues today and what has ceased?
- Revelation-God gave his truth
- Inspiration-Writers of Scripture received and recorded His truth
- Illumination-Believers understand and apply the truth
2. What is the definition of Canon?
“a reed or measuring rod” which eventually came to mean a catalog or list. It signifies a collection of writings which are God-breathed (inspired) and therefore are authoritative.
3. What is the difference between canonization and inspiration?
A book’s canonicity depends upon its authority. It receives its authority by being inspired. It then attains its canonicity due to its general acceptance as a diving product. No council gives the Bible authority, only God can give it authority. The councils determined the canonicity of Scripture based on some principles to guide these into being a part of our Bibles.
Inspiration- God breathed
Canonization-discernment of man to determine the inspiration of God
4. How many authors wrote the Bible?
5. Over how many years was the Bible written?
6. What are five principles of canonicity?
- Is it authoritative? The characteristic words “and the Word of the Lord came unto the prophet” or “God spoke” are examples that the words came from God. Some books have been rejected because of their absence of authority. These books contain fanciful or magical content.
- Is it prophetic? It seems reasonable to conclude that the Word of God is inspired by the Spirit of God for the people of God would be given only to the man of God. Deut. 18:22 “If a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord and the thing does not happen or come to pass, this is the thing which the Lord hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously, you shall not be afraid of him.”
- Is it authentic? Does the book tell the truth about God and man has already been previously recorded? There have many books rejected because the Jewish Fathers and early Christian Fathers found historical inaccuracies and moral incongruities.
- Is it dynamic? Does the book come with the power of God? Is it as Hebrews 4:12 says “Living and active…”
- Was it received? Has the book been received by the people of God? As the people of God met together to discern the truths placed in various books did they see inconsistencies?
7. What are the determining factors for canonization of the New Testament? There is one main test and then 5 supporting determinates. What are each of these? The main one and the five determinates.
- The primary test was apostilicity. If the book was written by an apostle or was directly related to an apostle there was no reason to question its authority.
- Selecting procedures-Luke wrote in Luke 1:1-4 that an orderly account must be written based on eyewitness accounts. This selecting procedure went on among the apostles themselves.
- Reading Procedure-the books were read to the churches. Paul commanded the Thessalonians to read “to all the brethren.” (I Thess. 5:27)
- Circulating Procedure-Writings were read to the churches and then circulated among the churches. Rev. 1:11 “Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches.” And Paul also gave similar instructions in Colossians 4:16 “And when this letter has been read among you, have it also read in the church of the Laodiceans; and see that you also read the letter from Laodicea.”
- Collecting Procedure – if there is a circulating procedure there must also be a collecting procedure. II Peter 3:16 “Paul, as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters…)
- Quotation Procedure -Paul in I Tim 5:18 quotes Luke in Luke 10:7. Here Paul calls the words written by Luke as the Scripture.
8. What is the Septuagint?
The Greek translation of the Old Testament
9. Who translated the Old Testament into Latin? What is it called? Why is it called this?
Jerome in 383-405. It is called the Latin Vulgate which means common. He translated it for the common people.
10. What does plenary mean? Every part of God’s Word is inspired
11. What does inerrant mean?
12. What does General Revelation mean?
It is the evidence of God’s existence apart from Jesus and the Bible. Hebrews 11:3 “By faith we understand that the universe was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things that are visible.
13. What is Special Revelation?
God providing knowledge of Himself through Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, and through the Written Word, the Bible.
14. What does Incarnate mean?
Jesus came to earth in bodily form. It literally means “having bodily form”
15. What is Bibliology?
The study of the Bible